Matthias Scudder[1]

Male Abt 1733 - Abt 1794  (~ 61 years)


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  • Name Matthias Scudder 
    Born Abt 1733  Elizabeth, Essex, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    AFN TZLH-RQ 
    _UID E49C688E3C09D511A5C1205002C100003A72 
    Died Abt 1794  Rowan county, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I2995  Scudder
    Last Modified 5 Oct 2017 

    Father Deacon Samuel Scudder,   b. 1704, Westfield, Essex, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1777, Elizabeth, Essex, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Mother Phebe Miller,   b. Abt 1708, Essex county, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Dec 1761  (Age ~ 53 years) 
    Married Abt 1729  [4, 5
    _UID E78D688E3C09D511A5C1205002C100002EC1 
    Family ID F1076  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Unknown 
    Married Abt 1752  [2
    _UID 8790688E3C09D511A5C1205002C10000D1EE 
    Children 
     1. William John Scudder,   b. Abt 1760, Essex county, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1799, Wilkes county, Georgia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 39 years)
     2. Isaiah Scudder,   b. Abt 1761,   d. 1820/1830, Wilkes county, Georgia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 69 years)
     3. Hester Scudder,   b. Abt 1762,   d. 1847/1849  (Age ~ 87 years)
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F1412  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Elizabeth Moore,   b. Abt 1742, Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1 Oct 1847, Westfield, Union, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 105 years) 
    Married 7 Sep 1762  Westfield, Essex, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7
    Married Presbyterian Church Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID BB90688E3C09D511A5C1205002C10000052E 
    Children 
     1. Elizabeth Scudder,   b. Abt 1763,   d. Bef 1789  (Age ~ 25 years)
     2. Abner Scudder,   b. 17 Jun 1764, Essex county, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 May 1842, Switzerland county, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years)
     3. Isaac Scudder,   b. 1765/1766, Essex county, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1815/1820, Smith county, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
     4. Henry Scudder,   b. 15 Apr 1768, Essex county, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1852/1860, Ripley county, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 91 years)
     5. Phebe Scudder,   b. 8 May 1769, Essex county, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Mar 1818, Hamilton county, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)
     6. Nathaniel Scudder,   b. Abt 1770, Essex county, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1820, Wilkinson county, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years)
     7. Rachel Hester Scudder,   b. 13 Nov 1777, Essex county, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jul 1846, Green Twp, Hamilton, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F1438  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Mary Lamb 
    Married 13 Jun 1789  New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID 3E8E78404FA94D45A987482E432162DB5505 
    Children 
     1. Phebe Scudder,   b. Abt 1755, Essex county, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Mar 1773  (Age ~ 18 years)
     2. Jonathan Scudder,   b. 1758, Essex county, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jun 1778  (Age 20 years)
     3. Zophar Scudder,   b. 13 Apr 1760, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Aug 1837  (Age 77 years)
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F12016  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • During the latter half of the 18th century, many people from the Hopewell Valley of New Jersey migrated to Surry County, North Carolina. This was the result of a bitter, long-running land dispute with an Englishman named Col. Daniel Coxe. Col. Coxe's father was the son of Dr. Daniel Coxe, one of the original colonial "Proprietors" of New Jersey. Under the British colonial system, "proprietors" were persons who had the right to economically develop a colony. They were something like modern real estate developers. New Jersey did not have the climate for large tobacco or sugar plantations, so the only way to build a lucrative colony was to distribute inexpensive plots of land to a large number of settlers. The settlers, in turn, grew crops, paid taxes, produced goods for export, and served as a market for imports such as tea and sugar, thus generating still more tax revenue.

      The land in the Hopewell Valley of New Jersey was sold to settlers during the 1690's by a group of Proprietors called the West Jersey Society. In 1731, Col. Daniel Coxe suddenly showed up, claiming that he possessed superior title to this same land via his father, who had recorded a superseding deed some years earlier. To the dismay of the settlers, the courts agreed with Col. Coxe's claim. Hundreds of people were forced to repurchase their own property from Col. Coxe or face forcible eviction. The scandal that erupted was one of many injustices that enflamed American passions against the British during the years leading up the Revolutionary War. There were lawsuits; there were riots; but to no avail. As a result, many Hopewell residents simply left New Jersey, either unable to pay Col. Coxe or disgusted with the colony's rampant political corruption. One group of Hopewell expatriats eventually settled on the Yadkin River in what was then Rowan County, North Carolina. This community, called the "Jersey Settlement," continued to attract immigrants from the Hopewell area for several decades.

      In 1780, Matthias and his family moved to Rowan county, North Carolina. Rowan County had been formed in 1753 from Anson County, and was named for Matthew Rowan, acting governor at the time the county was formed. Initially the county included the entire northwestern sector of North Carolina, with no clear western boundary, but its size was reduced as a number of counties were split off.

      According to military records, Matthias had served in the active forces of New Jersey from 1775 to 1783. He was listed as a private in the state troops in 1781. It is probable that he removed to North Carolina while still in the service, since contingents from New Jersey are known to have participated in the campaigns in the Carolinas under General Nathaniel Greene. These forces took a notable part in the capture of Fort Ninety-six, May 22 through June 19, 1781. It is know that Matthias received medical treatment in July 1781. After the war, he received certificate #114, dated 17 May 1784, for a sum of money in compensation for the depreciation of his Continental pay.

      Some time after the Revolution, according to some records after 1808, Matthias moved west into the Ohio country; he is buried in Miami county. He wrote his will in Salisbury, Rowan county, North Carolina, in 1791, but it was not probated until 1794.

  • Sources 
    1. [S194] International Genealogical Index (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Copyright (c) 1980, 2000, data as of January 2000).

    2. [S120] Matthias Scudder of Essex County, New Jersey, and Rowan County, North Carolina, David B. Scudder, comp., (Scudder Searches), Vol. II, No. 3, p. 3, Summer 1990.

    3. [S120] Matthias Scudder of Essex County, New Jersey, and Rowan County, North Carolina, David B. Scudder, comp., (Scudder Searches), Vol. II, No. 3, p. 3, Summer 1990.
      While this reference gives his death date in 1827, there is other evidence that he died earlier. His will is probabted in 1794. So, that was another Matthias Scudder or more research is needed.

    4. [S143] Samuel Scudder [1704-1777] of Essex County, New Jersey -- An Update, Scudder, David B., comp., (Scudder Searches), Vol. I, No. 1, p. 7, Spring 1989.

    5. [S247] Ancestral File (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998).

    6. [S143] Samuel Scudder [1704-1777] of Essex County, New Jersey -- An Update, Scudder, David B., comp., (Scudder Searches), Vol. I, No. 1, p. 8, Spring 1989.

    7. [S194] International Genealogical Index (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Copyright (c) 1980, 2000, data as of January 2000), Batch #7012724, sheet #46, source call #538.