General Archibald James Murray

General Archibald James Murray

Male 1860 - 1945  (84 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Archibald James Murray 
    Prefix General 
    Nickname Old Archie 
    Born 21 Apr 1860  Sutton, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Census 1891  St. Andrew, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID 0CFADF0436F8ED4588CC7FC574C051AC12B0 
    Died 21 Jan 1945  Reigate, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I24471  Scudder
    Last Modified 14 Aug 2017 

    Family Caroline Helen Sweet,   b. 20 Nov 1864, Coonoor, Tamil Nadu, India Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1910, Bad Nauheim, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years) 
    Married Abt 1890  Portsmouth, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID 06CB84FDBE610546BBC031C2D0A19F73ADED 
    Children 
     1. Lt. Colonel Louis Gerald Murray,   b. 1891, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1961  (Age 70 years)
     2. Helen Murray,   b. Abt 1892,   d. INFANT
     3. Lou Murray
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F8643  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Archibald Murray.jpg
    Archibald Murray.jpg

  • Notes 
    • Archibald joined the army in 1879. He served in Zululand in 1888, and as a staff officer and battalion commander during the South African War, for which he received the D.S.O. A highly educated staff officer, he filled a number of important appointments during the next few years; from 1907 to 1912 he was at the War Office as director of military training, and he was promoted major-general in 1910. He then became inspector of infantry, and he was given the K.C.B. in recognition of his services. On the mobilization of the army in 1914 he was appointed chief of the general staff to the Expeditionary Force, and he held that position for the first five months of the war; after this he was employed at the War Office, and during the last three months of 1915 he was chief of the Imperial General Staff, having been promoted lieutenant-general in October.

      When war broke out in August 1914 Murray was in possession of a divisional command; this he relinquished when offered the post of Chief of Staff to the newly-installed Commander-in-Chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Sir John French. As Field-Marshal French’s Chief of Staff Murray labored under considerable difficulties not of his own making. As GOC-in-C Egypt (1916-17) he established the logistical foundations from which his successor, Allenby, launched his victorious campaigns against the Ottoman army.