Captain Joel Scudder

Male 1746 - Aft 1776  (> 30 years)


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  • Name Joel Scudder 
    Prefix Captain 
    Born 8 Nov 1746  West Hills, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Christened 1 Jan 1747  Huntington, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    _UID 1C96688E3C09D511A5C1205002C100006C98 
    Died Aft 26 Sep 1776  New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I2127  Scudder
    Last Modified 14 May 2015 

    Father Captain Timothy Scudder,   b. 1696, Northport, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Apr 1778, Northport, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Mother Mary Whitehead,   b. 24 May 1700, Northport, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1746, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years) 
    Married 5 Feb 1727  Huntington, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    _UID 078E688E3C09D511A5C1205002C100004FD0 
    Family ID F1092  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Sarah Brush,   b. 25 May 1747, Huntington, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 20 Sep 1770  Huntington, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    _UID 1F8E688E3C09D511A5C1205002C100006750 
    Children 
     1. Tredwell Scudder,   b. 1 Jan 1771, Islip, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Oct 1834, Islip, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
     2. Jesse Scudder,   b. 23 Apr 1773, Huntington, Suffok, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Mar 1863, Huntington, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 89 years)
     3. Sarah Scudder,   b. Est 1773, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Dr. Joel Rowland Scudder,   b. Abt 1774, West Hills, Suffolk, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Hannah Scudder,   b. Est 1775, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Nancy Scudder,   b. Est 1776, New Jersey Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F1104  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • During the Revolutionary War, Joel was a second lieutenant in Captain Timothy Carll's Company, 1st Suffolk County Regiment, Colonel William Floyd commanding. He died aboard the British prison ship, "Jersey," off Brooklyn. He was one of the men chosen by the Huntington Committee of Safety to be 2nd Lieutenant of one of the three Huntington companies of militia, First Company, on September 11, 1775. On April 5, 1776 Joel was promoted to Captain in the 1st Regiment, Suffolk County Militia.

      A report from William Boyd states: "The Minute Men and those to be Enlisted into the Continental Service to be taken from the above list of officers (including Joel Scudder). The Regiment is about two- thirds furnished with bayonets and others are getting them as fast as they can get them made; they are furnished with a half pound of powder and two pounds of ball per man, and a Magazine in the Regiment to furnish them with about as much more when it shall be wanted; they are pretty industrious in fixing their accoutrements, and I hope in a short time they will be tolerably prepared."

      On August 27, 1776, Joel Scudder was with his Huntington militia company and fought in the Battle of Long Island. Along with many others who were the victims of Washington's first major defeat, they were herded aboard prison hulks hastily assembled in the Wallabout, an indentation in Long Island near Brooklyn. There were eight prison ships altogether, including the infamous Jersey.

      The Jersey was once a stately 64-gun ship-of-the-line of the Royal Navy, now reduced to a stinking derelict housing American soliders and seamen. Her two tiers of gun ports, now empty of canon, were only twenty inches square and spaced ten feet apart. The air inside the hull was almost suffocating, for the ports let in little air and less light. Aside from the British captain, mates and seamen, about thirty British or Hessian soliders acted as guards.

      The food was meager and without fresh meat or vegetables; putrid pork and biscuits crawling with maggots. The water was slimy and stagnant. As might be expected, malnutrition, scurvy, dysentery and fever carried off hundreds each week. Every day on the shores of Wallabout Bay burial parties of emaciated prisoners interred the previous night's quota of bodies. These deadly prison hulks remained at their moorings for nearly seven years. It has been estimated that 11,000 Americans died in them during the Revolution. All were dumped into shallow graves in the mudflats ashore. .

  • Sources 
    1. [S32] Timothy Scudder I, of Northport, Suffolk County, New York (Long Island), Scudder, David B., comp., (Scudder Searches), Vol. II, No. 2, p. 13, Spring 1990.

    2. [S35] International Genealogical Index (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (1993 02 28 Edition).

    3. [S32] Timothy Scudder I, of Northport, Suffolk County, New York (Long Island), Scudder, David B., comp., (Scudder Searches), Vol. II, No. 2, p. 12, Spring 1990.