John Scudder

John Scudder[1]

Male 1620 - Bef 1685  (< 65 years)

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  • Name John Scudder 
    Born 1616/1620  London, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    AFN 2PVP-2F 
    _UID 8495688E3C09D511A5C1205002C10000D309 
    Died Bef 6 Jan 1685  Newtown, Queens, New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I2051  Scudder
    Last Modified 20 Apr 2013 

    Father Thomas Scudder,   b. 1586/1591, Horton Kirby, Darenth, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 30 Sep 1657, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 66 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth,   b. Abt 1590, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Sep 1666, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 76 years) 
    Married Abt 1610  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID 6F86688E3C09D511A5C1205002C10000AFD8 
    Family ID F120  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mary King,   b. Abt 1623, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jan 1668, Newtown, Queens, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 45 years) 
    Married 1642  Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    _UID AF8D688E3C09D511A5C1205002C10000F641 
    Children 
     1. Samuel Scudder,   b. Abt 1643, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Nov 1688/1689, Newtown, Queens, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 46 years)
     2. John Scudder,   b. 19 Aug 1645, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec 1732, Newtown, Queens, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)
     3. Mary Scudder,   c. 11 Apr 1648, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. DECEASED
     4. Elizabeth Scudder,   c. 16 Jan 1649, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Apr 1691, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 42 years)
     5. Hannah Scudder,   b. 16 Jul 1649, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt Jul 1679, Hempstead, Queens, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)
     6. Susanna Scudder,   b. Aft 1650, Southold, Suffolk, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Nov 1739, Newtown, Queens, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 87 years)
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F1048  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    early map of New York.jpg
    early map of New York.jpg

  • Notes 
    • John was a currier; a person who dresses, dyes, and colours leather. During June 1650, he was regularly excused from military training because of his trade, since leather might spoil after a day's absence. He was obliged, however, to pay an 18 pence fine for each day of training he had to miss. When he married in 1642, he was granted a half acre lot as a house lot near his 10 acres, located by Kings Cove in "Royalls Neck." This half acre was for "other uses" so he may have had his business there.

      Although the Dutch had established New Amsterdam on the southern tip of Manhattan Island in 1624, with subsequent villages established in Brooklyn shortly thereafter, the colonization of the eastern end of the Long Island did not immediately follow. It was not until the late 1630's that individual families began acquiring land and settling there and not until 1640 that a town was established.

      On the north fork of the island a settlement was established at Southold in October 1640, by a group of Puritans from Southwold and Hingham, England, by way of New Haven, under the leadership of the Reverend John Youngs. Augustus Griffin, author of Southold's first history, wrote in 1857, "a company consisting of 13 men, with their families left their mother country, old England, about the year 1638, for a newly discovered World, known as America. After a passage of some weeks, they arrived at New Haven, then a small village in the then colony of Connecticut. At this place they stopped until early in the autumn of 1640, having made their stay there about two years."

      While this settlement was the first organized community, the Puritans under Reverend Youngs were not the first English inhabitants of the area. The first footholds were established by individual pioneers, by some indications as early as 1636. One of them, who had already built a home and made other improvements, sold his property four days after Reverend Youngs had "gathered his church anew" on October 21, 1640.

      In 1655, John sold his house in Massachusetts and moved to Southold, Long Island. Economically, the region was heavily dependent on small farming, with fishing along the coastal areas, and trade with New England. With the defeat of the Dutch in 1664, all of Long Island was annexed into the new English colony under the control of James, Duke of York, brother of King Charles II. The new situation included the imposition of new laws dictated by York. Although loosely based on English common law, these new dictates did not include a representative assembly and required all trade to flow through the port of New York. This imposition generated much resentment among the settlers of eastern Long Island. Three east end towns went so far as to petition the king in 1672 for a return to Connecticut's jurisdiction.

      On 13 December 1680 John gave his estate to his son, Samuel, in exchange for the maintenance of himself and Mary for the remainder of their lives.

  • Sources 
    1. [S247] Ancestral File (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998).

    2. [S6] Scudder Family in America: The Beginnings, Scudder, David B., comp., (Scudder Searches), Vol. I, No. 2, pp. 7-9.

    3. [S6] Scudder Family in America: The Beginnings, Scudder, David B., comp., (Scudder Searches), Vol. I, No. 2, p. 9.