Henry Scudder

Henry Scudder[1]

Male Abt 1560 - Abt 1595  (~ 35 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Henry Scudder 
    Born Abt 1560  Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    AFN 8M4Q-HL 
    Reference Number 2048 
    _UID C486688E3C09D511A5C1205002C100000428 
    Died Abt 5 Nov 1595  Horton Kirby, Darenth, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Horton Kirby, Darenth, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I163  Scudder
    Last Modified 20 Apr 2013 

    Family Elizabeth Hale,   b. Abt 1564, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1617, Cobham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 53 years) 
    Married Abt 1584  Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    _UID 6986688E3C09D511A5C1205002C10000A978 
    Children 
     1. Reverend Henry Scudder,   b. Abt 1585, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt May 1652, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 67 years)
     2. Thomas Scudder,   b. 1586/1591, Horton Kirby, Darenth, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 30 Sep 1657, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 66 years)
     3. John Scudder,   b. Abt 1588, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Apr 1627, Strood, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 39 years)
     4. Elizabeth Scudder,   b. Abt 1590, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. DECEASED, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Bridget Scudder,   b. Abt 1591, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Nov 1680, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 89 years)
     6. Alice Scudder,   b. Abt 1592, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. England Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. Martha Scudder,   b. Abt 1593, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. England Find all individuals with events at this location
     8. Jane Scudder,   b. Abt 1594, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef Nov 1595, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 1 years)
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F117  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Horton house.jpg
    Horton house.jpg

    0001.tif
    0001.tif

  • Notes 
    • During the reign of King Henry VIII, Spanish and French style gowns became very popular. Clothes were more form-fitting and ornate. Men wore colorful tights to emphasize well-developed calves. Women often had such low necklines that preachers condemned them. Both sexes wore as much jewelry as they could afford. And everyone, rich and poor, wore a hat. Men generally wore flat-heeled shoes while women wore overshoes outside. These were clogs which raised her feet so her gown wouldn't drag in the dirt.

      Certain clothing dyes were not expensive, and so even the poor could wear green and brown outfits. The poor wore homespun woolen clothing with knitted hose and hobnail shoes. In the field, they wore tunics and breeches.

      Women had long hair which they wore loose until marriage. After the reign of King Henry VII, men typically had short hair and beards and mustaches. It was Henry VIII who made beards popular; during his father's reign, men were clean-shaven.

      Children were dressed as miniature adults from the age of six onwards. Before then, both boys and girls wore simple shifts or gowns. They were swaddled as infants, a constricting practice which was believed to prevent illness. In fact, for the first four months of their lives, infants were completely immobilized in swaddling bands.

      Blonde hair was the most prized haircolor, but auburn and red hair were also popular. Very white skin and red lips were achieved through the use of dangerous cosmetics; lead, borax, and sulphur were sometimes used. Every woman hated spots, whether freckles or pimples.

      As for bathing, most Englishmen thought baths were unhealthy. Queen Elizabeth I was considered strange for bathing as much as four times a year. Everyone used perfume. Perfume was splashed on bodies and clothing, particularly the gloves. The most popular scents included marjoram, lavendar, musk, and rose. Noblemen and women carried pomanders, a hollow sphere holding a waxed perfume ball. Pomanders were often highly decorative and expensive accessories. Women attached them to their girdles and men dangled them from a chain.

      Dentists were surgeons who removed rotten teeth and also performed other small operations. People cleaned their teeth by rubbing them with a mixture of white wine and vinegar boiled with honey. Fashionable noblewomen would sometimes deliberately blacken their front teeth.

      According to his will, which he signed 29 September 1594, Henry was a Kentish yeoman. This means that he was an independent farmer and landowner. Based on his landholdings, he must have been quite affluent. He identified his wife, Elizabeth, three sons and five daughters. One of the daughters, Jane, may have died between the date of the signing of the will and 5 November 1595 when the will was probated, as her name was scratched out at the time of the will's proving.

      His will identified his landholdings as being within the parishes of Horton Kirby and Sutton-at-Hone. He left to his son, the Reverend Henry, "the mansion house where I now dwell," apparently in Horton Kirby and quite extensive in its lands, houses, and edifices. He also left Henry a house in the Chalkdale.

      To his son Thomas, Henry left three houses in Chappell Greene in Horton parish. One house was rented by an unidentified Timothy Skudder, another by Michael Pickwell with an acre of land, and the third rented by Christopher Harris. He left the tenement and lands "purchased of Francis Reeve," rented by Thomas Adams to his son, John.

      Henry provided that his wife, Elizabeth, would retain custody of all the properties until the boys reached the age of 18 years, provided that she brought them up decently and orderly. But if she were to die before the boys became 18, the properties would be in the custody of John Humfrey, the elder, Henry's brother, William Skudder, and Anthony Comfot [sp].

      By comparing the will of the Rev. Henry Scudder of Collingborne-Ducis with this will of Henry Scudder, the similarities of the properties distributed by both wills provides ample evidence that this Henry was the father of Reverend Henry and Thomas of Salem.

  • Sources 
    1. [S247] Ancestral File (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998).

    2. [S275] Tentative Pedigree Chart of Thomas (T) of Salem and the Reverend Henry Scudder, Simon Skudder, comp., (Scudder Searches), Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 4.