Benedict Arnold

Benedict Arnold[1]

Male 1741 - 1801  (60 years)

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  • Name Benedict Arnold 
    Born 14 Jan 1741  Norwich, New London, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    AFN 8HQS-27 
    _UID 041A3A5D81190A4D8B326EA7C12E2D54E8AC 
    Died 14 Jun 1801  London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I12641  Scudder
    Last Modified 20 Jan 2003 

    Father Benedict Arnold, Sr.,   b. Abt 1715, New London, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1761, Norwich, New London, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 46 years) 
    Mother Hannah Waterman,   b. 28 Sep 1708, Norwich, New London, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1759, Norwich, New London, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Married 8 Nov 1733  Norwich, New London, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    _UID 5FAA688E3C09D511A5C1205002C10000C3F4 
    Family ID F4720  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Margaret Mansfield,   b. 1745, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jun 1775, New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years) 
    Married 22 Feb 1767  Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    _UID 61AA688E3C09D511A5C1205002C10000C514 
    Children 
     1. Benedict Arnold,   b. 14 Feb 1768, New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef Feb 1796, Iron Shore, Jamaica Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 27 years)
     2. Richard Arnold,   b. 22 Aug 1769, New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Dec 1847, Sarnia, Lambton, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
     3. Henry Arnold,   b. 19 Sep 1772, New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Dec 1826, New York, New York, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F4721  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Margaret Shippen,   b. 1761, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Aug 1804, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Married 8 Apr 1779  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    _UID 63AA688E3C09D511A5C1205002C10000C734 
    Children 
     1. Edward Shippen Arnold,   b. 19 Mar 1780, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Dec 1813, Dinapoor, India Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)
     2. James Robertson Arnold,   b. 29 Aug 1781, New York, New York, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Dec 1854, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
     3. Sophia Matilda Arnold,   b. 28 Jul 1785, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jun 1828, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years)
     4. George Arnold,   b. Aug 1787, St. John, New Brunswick Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Nov 1828, Bengal, India Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 41 years)
     5. William Fitch Arnold,   b. 25 Jun 1794, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Nov 1846, Little Messenden, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years)
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F4722  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Married never married 
    _UID 09498FC3EEA3E64FA163036150730312AAE1 
    Children 
     1. John Gage,   b. Abt 1789, St. John, New Brunswick Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F8214  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Benedict Arnold.jpg
    Benedict Arnold.jpg

  • Notes 
    • Benedict was schooled in Canterbury, Connecticut. Financial problems at home forced his return to Connecticut, and eventually he established an Apothecary business after serving an apprenticeship with his cousins, the brothers Daniel and Joshua Lathrop, who had graduated from Yale and become some of the wealthiest men in Norwich, Connecticut. He established an Apothecary in New Haven, Connecticut, with his sister, Hannah.

      In 1775, Benedict was a Captain in the Governor's Second Company of Guards, and he immediately took them to capture Fort Ticonderoga. His small unit met up with Colonel Ethan Allen and joined forces to capture Fort Ticonderoga. Initially, he billed the Continental Congress for his expenses, and it took nearly 2 years to pay him. In the meantime, George Washington had him promoted to Colonel, and he was given command of an expedition to sieze Canada from British control. This expedition failed at Montreal, however, Arnold's superior leadership was noted. Despite the failure of the Canada Expedition, Washington had Arnold promoted to Brigadier General.

      Benedict's hot temper caused many arguments with fellow officers, and even though he routed the British Army at Danbury, Connecticut, winning promotion to Major General, his disenchantment with the American Revolution was growing. In 1777, he sided with General Schuyler in a dispute between Schuyler and General Horatio Gates. Two months later, at the American victory at Saratoga, General Gates ignored Arnold's accomplishments to help win the victory. Arnold broke his leg at Freeman's Farm during the battle, and Gate's intense dislike of him almost caused him to resign. Washington had him recalled, to be with him at Valley Forge, and when Philadelphia was recaptured, Arnold was named Commandant of the city.

      While in Philadelphia, Arnold met and married Peggy Shippen, a young 19 year old Loyalist. She put her husband in contact with Major John Andre, chief of intelligence for British General Henry Clinton. In correspondence, Arnold offered Clinton the strategic fort of West Point, along with 20,000 American soldiers, in exchange for a British commission and 10,000 pounds. When Major Andre was captured and this was reported to Arnold, he realized that his treason would soon be discovered, and he immediately defected to the British. The British gave Arnold the 10,000 pounds, a commission as a Brigadier General, a pension when he retired, and land in Canada.

      Even though Benedict served the British Army well, they never trusted him. After the war, he moved to London, but could find no job. He entered the shipping business in New Brunswick, but the Tories there disliked him, so he returned to London, where he died in 1801, virtually unknown, and penniless.

  • Sources 
    1. [S141] Partial Genealogy of Descendants of Elizabeth Scudder-E, Section I, Soper, Edwin L., comp., (Scudder Association Bulletin (Greenlawn, NY: by the Association, 1981)), Bulletin XXX, p. 14, Jun 1981.

    2. [S247] Ancestral File (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998).